Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK. Grain legumes are cultivated for their seeds, and are also called pulses. The name 'Fabaceae' comes from the defunct genus Faba, now included in Vicia. Many legumes contain toxic and indigestible substances, antinutrients, which may be removed through various processing methods. Genoveva W. De Samblanx. Deine Suche ergab keine Treffer im Baumregister. Fabaceae: 1 Gartenerbse (Pisum sativum): a Blüte, b Fahne, c Flügel, d Schiffchen, e Kelch, f Narbe, g Fruchtknoten, h Staubblätter. Vegetables II: Fabaceae, Liliaceae, Solanaceae, and Umbelliferae (Handbook of Plant Breeding (2), Band 2). 19,000 known legume species amount to about 7% of flowering plant species. 3 Erdnuss (Arachis hypogaea): a Pflanze mit Blüten und Früchten in verschiedenen Entwicklungsstadien, b Hülse im Längsschnitt, Das könnte Sie auch interessieren: Spektrum – Die Woche: 01/2021. Während die Bäume und Sträucher ihr Hauptverbreitungsgebiet in den Tropen haben, überwiegen die krautigen Arten in den klimatisch gemäßigten Zonen. [Botanical Society of America, Abstracts.]. Numerous legumes are farmed for this purpose, including Leucaena, Cyamopsis and Sesbania. "Golden Wattle: Floral Emblem of Australia",, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Fabaceae distribution map. A legume is a simple dry fruit that usually dehisces (opens along a seam) on two sides. Judd, W. S., Campbell, C. S. Kellogg, E. A. Stevens, P.F. Both pathways include the same type of enzymes, pectin-degrading cell wall enzymes. Leguminosas arbóreas y arbustivas cultivadas en Chile. Die Blüten werden durch Insekten oder Vögel bestäubt. The histological stain called haematoxylin is produced from this species. Sie umfasst insgesamt etwa 730 … The division between Mimosoideae and Faboideae is dated as occurring between 59 and 34 million years ago and the basal group of the Faboideae as 58.6 ± 0.2 million years ago. In the Mimosoideae, the flowers are actinomorphic and arranged in globose inflorescences. Nitrogen Fixing bacteria live in these nodules. Dr. Barbara Dinkelaker The name 'Fabaceae' comes from the defunct genus Faba, now included in Vicia. They frequently contain alkaloids. Of the 10 families within the Rosidae, 8 have nodules formed by actinomyces (Betulaceae, Casuarinaceae, Coriariaceae, Datiscaceae, Elaeagnaceae, Myricaceae, Rhamnaceae and Rosaceae), and the two remaining families, Ulmaceae and Fabaceae have nodules formed by rhizobia. [40] The enzymes needed to reduce nitrogen, nitrogenases, require a substantial input of ATP but at the same time are sensitive to free oxygen. For example, nodules in Acacia senegal can contain seven species of rhizobia belonging to three different genera. Laburnum, Robinia, Gleditsia, Acacia, Mimosa, and Delonix are ornamental trees and shrubs. Melliferous plants offer nectar to bees and other insects to encourage them to carry pollen from the flowers of one plant to others thereby ensuring pollination. The most important of these species belong to the Fabaceae. The term "faba" comes from Latin, and appears to simply mean "bean". 18.3.9 Fabaceae/Leguminosae. Both the leaves and the leaflets often have wrinkled pulvini to permit nastic movements. Définitions de Fabaceae, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Fabaceae, dictionnaire analogique de Fabaceae (allemand) [1] An familia nga Fabaceae in naglalakip hin 20687 ka mga species, sumala ha Catalogue of Life [1] . Wing, S. L., F. Herrera, and C. Jaramillo. [1] In fact, the Fabaceae have diversified during the early tertiary to become a ubiquitous part of the modern earth's biota, along with many other families belonging to the flowering plants. Fabaceae synonyms, Fabaceae pronunciation, Fabaceae translation, English dictionary definition of Fabaceae. Some of these lineages co-evolved together with the flowering plants establishing the molecular basis of a mutually beneficial symbiotic relationship. F.A. [62] and trees such as carob, mesquite and tamarind. Fabaceae Taxonomy: Fabaceae is a Family in the Order Fabales in the Apg3 classification. Wojciechowski, Martin F., Johanna Mahn, and Bruce Jones. For example, within the genus Acacia, a member of the Mimosoideae, A. pentagona does not form nodules, while other species of the same genus readily form nodules, as is the case for Acacia senegal, which forms both rapidly and slow growing rhizobial nodules. Fabaceae is the systematic name of the plant family that is commonly known as the Pea family. In Central and South America dyes are produced from two species in the same genus: indigo and Maya blue from Indigofera suffruticosa and Natal indigo from Indigofera arrecta. Habit: Annual or perennial. This means that one plant species may be infected by more than one species of bacteria. Herendeen, P. S. 2001. This grouping indicates that the predisposition for forming nodules probably only arose once in flowering plants and that it can be considered as an ancestral characteristic that has been conserved or lost in certain lineages. These bacteria, known as rhizobia, have the ability to take nitrogen gas (N2) out of the air and convert it to a form of nitrogen that is usable to the host plant ( NO3− or NH3 ). All of the flowers in an inflorescence open at once. BNF is carried out in nodules that are mainly located in the root cortex, although they are occasionally located in the stem as in Sesbania rostrata. der Fagales mit ca. Legume Diversity and Evolution in a Phylogenetic Context", "Functional Adaptation of a Plant Receptor- Kinase Paved the Way for the Evolution of Intracellular Root Symbioses with Bacteria", "From pollen tubes to infection threads: Recruitment of Medicago floral pectic genes for symbiosis", "Evolutionary significance of the loss of the chloroplast-DNA inverted repeat in the Leguminosae subfamily Papilionoideae", "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes", "Large‐scale genomic sequence data resolve the deepest divergences in the legume phylogeny and support a near‐simultaneous evolutionary origin of all six subfamilies", International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, "A tale of four kingdoms - isoxazolin-5-one- and 3-nitropropanoic acid-derived natural products", "Legumes: importance and constraints to greater use". 1º- É declarada Árvore Nacional a leguminosa denominada Pau-Brasil (, "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", "The families of flowering plants: Leguminosae", "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny". Botany without Borders. Rupert W. Osborn. "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", "Absolute diversification rates in angiosperm clades", "South American palaeobotany and the origins of neotropical rainforests", "A phylogeny of legumes (Leguminosae) based on analysis of the plastid matK gene resolves many well-supported sub clades within the family", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II", "An apparent reversal in floral symmetry in the legume Cadia is a homeotic transformation", "Colorado Fossils Show How Mammals Raced to Fill Dinosaurs' Void", "Evolutionary Rates Analysis of Leguminosae Implicates a Rapid Diversification of Lineages during the Tertiary", "Evolution of the angiosperms: calibrating the family tree", 10.1663/0007-196X(2005)057[0382:AFAMPP]2.0.CO;2, "The Rest of the Iceberg. Cette définition du mot Fabaceae provient du Wiktionnaire, où vous pouvez trouvez également l'étymologie, d'autres sens, des synonymes, des antonymes et des exemples. However, such a wide distribution of families and genera within this lineage indicates that nodulation had multiple origins. [11] This conclusion has been supported not only by the degree of interrelation shown by different groups within the family compared with that found among the Leguminosae and their closest relations, but also by all the recent phylogenetic studies based on DNA sequences. Se nedenfor hvad Fabaceae betyder og hvordan det bruges på dansk. Dr. Oliver Larbolette, Freiburg (Allergien auf dem Vormarsch) The legume, acting as a host, and rhizobia, acting as a provider of usable nitrate, form a symbiotic relationship. Nodulation in legumes. Pages 146-147 in VII International Organization of Paleobotany Conference Abstracts (21–26 March). Gefundene Synonyme: Hülsenfrüchte, Hülsenfrüchtler, Leguminose, Fabaceae, Leguminosae, OpenThesaurus ist ein freies deutsches Wörterbuch für Synonyme, bei dem jeder mitmachen kann. Pages 85-160 in Advances in Legume Systematics, part 4, the fossil record (Herendeen, P. S., and D. L. Dilcher, eds.). The free acid 3-NPA is an irreversible inhibitor of mitochondrial respiration, and thus the compound inhibits the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Diese Blüten bestehen aus einem fünfblättrigen, meist verwachsenen Kelch und fünf verschieden gestalteten Kronblättern, von denen das größte als Fahne, die beiden seitlichen als Flügel und die beiden vorderen als Schiffchen bezeichnet werden ( vgl. Some legume species perform hydraulic lift, which makes them ideal for intercropping.[61]. They are upright plants, epiphytes, or vines. F. haben wechselständige, gefiederte oder dreizählige Blätter mit Nebenblättern und unregelmäßige „Schmetterlingsblüten“. Handbook of Legumes of Economic Importance. NOTE: The subfamilial name Papilionoideae for Faboideae is approved by the. Ediciones Omega, Barcelona. These studies have used morphology, DNA data (the chloroplast intron trnL, the chloroplast genes rbcL and matK, or the ribosomal spacers ITS) and cladistic analysis in order to investigate the relationships between the family's different lineages. It includes trees, shrubs, and perennial or annual herbaceous plants, which are easily recognized by their fruit and their compound, stipulate leaves. The Fabaceae are rarely cyanogenic. The Fabaceae or Leguminosae,[6] commonly known as the legume, pea, or bean family, are a large and economically important family of flowering plants. [7][8][1] The five largest of the genera are Astragalus (over 3,000 species), Acacia (over 1000 species), Indigofera (around 700 species), Crotalaria (around 700 species), and Mimosa (around 400 species), which constitute about a quarter of all legume species. Ministerio de Educación de la Nación. Their ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen reduces fertilizer costs for farmers and gardeners who grow legumes, and means that legumes can be used in a crop rotation to replenish soil that has been depleted of nitrogen. It consists of three subgroups: Caesalpinioideae, Mimosoideae and Papilionoideae (or better Faboideae). Falls Sie schon Kunde bei uns sind, melden Sie sich bitte hier mit Ihrer E-Mail-Adresse und Ihrem Passwort an. 2000 Arten ist hier z.B. Aber was tun mit den Daten? Crepet, W. L., and P. S. Herendeen. Administrativement, la zone appartient à la région du Chari Baguirmi. The earliest fossils that can be definitively assigned to the Fabaceae appeared in the early Palaeocene (approximately 65 million years ago). Some legume species such as alfalfa, white clover, sweet clover and various Prosopis species are good nectar providers. Dilcher, eds). [5] Leguminosae is an older name still considered valid,[6] and refers to the l fruit of these plants, which are called legumes. Art. Tuinontwerp, tuinaanleg en tuinonderhoud op maat in Roeselare, Izegem, Kortrijk en omstreken. 1000 Arten, die überwiegend in der gemäßigten und subtropischen Zone der nördlichen Erdhalbkugel vorkommen. Rhizobia are specific to particular host species although a rhizobia species may often infect more than one host species. A common name for this type of fruit is a "pod", although that can also be applied to a few other fruit types. Familia Fabaceae (numită și a leguminoaselor - Leguminosae sau Papilionaceae) este cea mai importantă familie din cadrul Ordinului Fabales.Importanța rezultă atat din numărul de specii, dar mai ales datorită importanței economice a acestor specii. Fabaceae, which is the third largest family among the angiosperms after Orchidaceae (orchid family) and Asteraceae (aster family), consists of more than 700 genera and about 20,000 species of trees, shrubs, vines, and Elke Brechner (Projektleitung) Nodule formation is common throughout the Fabaceae. Plants can be heliophytes, mesophytes, or xerophytes. Ingen fyldestgørende beskrivelse uploadet endnu. 2001. 3 Erdnuss (Arachis hypogaea): a Pflanze mit Blüten und Früchten in verschiedenen Entwicklungsstadien, b Hülse im Längsschnitt. Many Legumes have tendrils. Professor Dr. Wilfried Wichard, Institut für Biologie und ihre Didaktik, Universität zu Köln, Essayautoren: The current hypothesis about the evolution of the genes needed for nodulation is that they were recruited from other pathways after a polyploidy event. In addition, the separation of the aneuploid species of Neoastragalus started 4 million years ago. Die meisten F. bevorzugen trockene, stickstoffarme und kalkreiche Böden. Many species have leaves with structures that attract ants which protect the plant from herbivore insects (a form of mutualism). Noch ist die Biodiversität nicht in ihrem gesamten Ausmaß bekannt, und doch fegt wohl schon die sechste große Aussterbewelle in der Erdgeschichte durch ihre Reihen. Compound 4. [3] The family has also evolved a unique chemistry. Pterocarpans are a class of molecules (derivatives of isoflavonoids) found only in the Fabaceae. Farmacognosia : estudio de las drogas y sustancias medicamentosas de origen natural. Unwort des Jahres 2019 – Klimahysterie . This inhibition caused by 3-NPA is especially toxic to nerve cells and represents a very general toxic mechanism suggesting a profound ecological importance due to the big number of species producing this compound and its derivatives. 1997. Infos zu unserem Umgang mit Ihren personenbezogenen Daten finden Sie in unserer, Noch kein Kunde? Suche nach 'Fabaceae' im Baumregister. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK. Racemose Inflorescence 2. Reconstructing the phylogeny of legumes (Leguminosae): An early 21st century perspective. das Süßholz, Glycyrrhiza glabra, und der Bockshornklee, Trigonella foenum-graecum. An Fabaceae in nahilalakip ha ordo nga Fabales , classis nga Magnoliopsida , punoan nga Tracheophyta , ngan regnum nga Plantae . The phylogeny of the legumes has been the object of many studies by research groups from around the world. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The fossil history of the Leguminosae: phylogenetic and biogeographic implications. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The seeds are used for human and animal consumption or for the production of oils for industrial uses. Therefore, the Fabaceae started their diversification approximately 60 million years ago and the most important clades separated 50 million years ago. The gene bank and breeding of grain legumes (lupine, vetch, soya and beah) / B.S. Leaf margins are entire or, occasionally, serrate. [27] Ellagic acid has never been found in any of the genera or species analysed. Roots: Fibrous tap root often develops nodules in herbs. Leguminosae (fachspr.) There are different species that produce gums. The flowers have a short hypanthium and a single carpel with a short gynophore, and after fertilization produce fruits that are legumes. Wichtige Kulturpflanzen sind auch die Sojabohne, Glycine max, und die Erdnuss, Arachis hypogaea. Fabaceae: 1 Gartenerbse (Pisum sativum): a Blüte, b Fahne, c Flügel, d Schiffchen, e Kelch, f Narbe, g Fruchtknoten, h Staubblätter. Die Familie gliedert sich in drei Unterfamilien, die oft als eigene Familien behandelt werden, und weitere Tribus. Fabaceae is consistently recovered as monophyletic. Zahlreiche F. sind von wirtschaftlicher Bedeutung. Professor Dr. Wilfried Wichard, Köln (Bernsteinforschung). The Fabaceae or Leguminosae, commonly known as the legume, pea, or bean family, are a large and economically important family of flowering plants. Als Färbepflanze wird der Indigo, Indigofera tinctoria, genutzt. Sie gehören zur Ordnung der Schmetterlingsblütenartigen (Fabales). Doyle, J. J., J. The Fabaceae, also know as Leguminosae, is a large family of plants that includes trees, shrubs, flowering plants and various food sources for the man and the animals such as beans, lentils, peanuts, peas, lupins, alfa alfa and many others. Jeneng sing pungkasan iki kurang tepat, lan saiki dianggo minangka jeneng salah siji subsukunya. It is only carried out by Euryarchaeota and just 6 of the more than 50 phyla of bacteria. To meet the requirements of this paradoxical situation, the plants express a type of haemoglobin called leghaemoglobin that is believed to be recruited after a duplication event. Subsecretaría de Coordinación Administrativa. Fagaceae, Buchengewächse, Fam. A taxonomic family within the order Fabales — the legumes. Klicken Sie auf die Synonyme, um die Ergebnisse weiter zu verfeinern. The presence or absence of nodule-forming species within the three sub-families indicates that nodule formation has arisen several times during the evolution of the Fabaceae and that this ability has been lost in some lineages. Im Baumregister werden der Name, die Registernummer, die … shrubs, vines, or tree. Fabaceae Plants of the Pea Family (Previously known as the Legume Family: Leguminosae) If you have seen a pea or bean blossom in the garden, then you will be able to recognize members of the Pea family. The latter two are thought to be the most modern and specialised type of nodule as they are only present in some lines of the subfamily Papilionoideae. legumes. Konsonanten: b, c, f: Vokale: 3 × a, 2 × e: Alphagramm: aaabceef: Thesaurus Anderes Wort für FABACEAE (Synonyme) Fabaceae (fachspr. Robinia) or be rather inconspicuous. [2] The family now includes six subfamilies:[4], The Fabaceae have an essentially worldwide distribution, being found everywhere except Antarctica and the high Arctic. 18.3.9 Fabaceae/Leguminosae The Fabaceae or Leguminosae, commonly known as the legume, pea, or bean family, is a large, economically and medicinally important family of flowering plants. Vérifiez les traductions'Fabaceae' en Grec. Hypanthodium. Coronavirus in Deutschland | Wie wird die Corona-Warn-App noch besser? Even though nodule formation is common in the two monophyletic subfamilies Papilionoideae and Mimosoideae they also contain species that do not form nodules. Vicia sativa). (or Leguminosae), as defined by the APG System. [1] The trees are often found in tropical regions, while the herbaceous plants and shrubs are predominant outside the tropics. The most well known gums are tragacanth (Astragalus gummifer), gum arabic (Acacia senegal) and guar gum (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba). contient de centaines de listes de mots qui pourraient vous être utiles au scrabble. Herendeen, P. S., W. L. Crepet, and D. L. Dilcher. Diagnostic characters. The flowers often have five generally fused sepals and five free petals. Fabales - Fabales - Classification of Fabaceae: Fabaceae has traditionally been divided into three subfamilies: Caesalpinioideae, Mimosoideae, and Faboideae (or Papilionoideae), each of which have been considered a separate plant family in the past. Herendeen, P. S. 1992. Where they are, the cyanogenic compounds are derived from tyrosine, phenylalanine or leucine. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK. Leguminosae is an older name still considered valid,[6] and refers to the fruit of these plants, which are called legumes. The heartwood of logwood, Haematoxylon campechianum, is used to produce red and purple dyes. Tragant, Astragalus, vertreten. Legumes of the world. 3-NPA and isoxazlin-5-one derivatives also occur in many species of leaf beetles (see defense in insects). Pisum), thorn-like (e.g. O Presidente da República, faço saber que o Congresso Nacional decreta e eu sanciono a seguinte Lei: This process is called nitrogen fixation. Two new 3-arylcoumarin derivatives were isolated from the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice; Fabaceae), and their structures were elucidated as 2′,4′-dihydroxy-[6″,6″-dimethylpyrano(2″,3″:7,8)]-3-arylcoumarin and [6′,6″-dimethylpyrano(2″,3″:7,8)]-2′-hydroxy-4′-methoxy-3-arylcoumarin on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. Graminées tropicales utilisées comme couvre-sol et fourrage 2.1. Legumes are commonly used as natural fertilizers. Lupinus), in the Mimosoideae and the Caesalpinioideae commonly bipinnate (e.g. Various legume species are farmed for timber production worldwide, including numerous Acacia species, Dalbergia species, and Castanospermum australe. Guarda le traduzioni di ‘Fabaceae’ in italiano. Extrafloral nectaries are common among the Mimosoideae and the Caesalpinioideae, and are also found in some Faboideae (e.g. [19][20][21][22][23][24][25] Products of plants of this family were reported for their cytotoxicity against human cancer cells [31,32]. Sugars are transported within the plants in the form of sucrose. C3 photosynthesis has been found in a wide variety of genera. 2004. Papilionoid flowers from the early Eocene of south eastern North America. In some species, leaflets have evolved into tendrils (e.g. [8][9] Fabaceae is the most common family found in tropical rainforests and in dry forests in the Americas and Africa. Fabaceae are typically entomophilous plants (i.e. In the Plant theory Fabaceae is split in its 3 subfamilies Mimosoideae, Caesalpinioideae and Papilliloindeae. Fallow or green manure legume species are cultivated to be tilled back into the soil to exploit the high nitrogen levels found in most legumes. [4][52], The Fabaceae are placed in the order Fabales according to most taxonomic systems, including the APG III system. Sie können unsere Newsletter jederzeit wieder abbestellen. Buchstaben von FABACEAE. Museo Egidio Feruglio, Trelew, Argentina. they are pollinated by insects), and the flowers are usually showy to attract pollinators. Garten, Fotos Bilder [55] Root nodules can be classified as being either indeterminate, cylindrical and often branched, and determinate, spherical with prominent lenticels. Proanthocyanidins can be present either as cyanidin or delphinidine or both at the same time. FAMILY 3: Fabaceae – Characters , Floral formula & Species. Duke, J. 2000. [3][8], The leaves are usually alternate and compound. Inke Drossé, Neubiberg (Tierquälerei in der Landwirtschaft) ), - St. Petersburg, The N.I. Some, like alfalfa, clover, vetch, and Arachis, are sown in pasture and grazed by livestock. The upper petal, called the banner or standard, is large and envelops the rest of the petals in bud, often reflexing when the flower blooms. Fabaceae 88 Seiten / Arten mit Bild (Foto) + Infos, bei Pflanzen Blütezeit Höhe Breite Verbreitung o. Herkunft, Pflege u.a. Fabaceae tau dikenal kanthi jeneng Leguminosae sarta Papilionaceae. Définition de Fabaceae. Cherchez des exemples de traductions Fabaceae dans des phrases, écoutez à la prononciation et apprenez la grammaire. Pages 43–55 in Advances in Legume Systematics, part 4, the fossil record (P. S. Herendeen and D. L. Dilcher, eds.). Tuinontwerp, tuinaanleg en tuinonderhoud op maat in Roeselare, Izegem, Kortrijk en omstreken. The calyx, corolla, or stamens can be showy in this group. Indeterminate nodules are characteristic of legumes from temperate climates, while determinate nodules are commonly found in species from tropical or subtropical climates.[55]. The two bottom petals are fused together at the apex (remaining free at the base), forming a boat-like structure called the keel. The ca. Fabacées, famille de plantes dicotylédones dont le type est la fève. Yellow dyes are extracted from Butea monosperma, commonly called flame of the forest and from dyer's greenweed, (Genista tinctoria).[68]. . [56], Legumes are economically and culturally important plants due to their extraordinary diversity and abundance, the wide variety of edible vegetables they represent and due to the variety of uses they can be put to: in horticulture and agriculture, as a food, for the compounds they contain that have medicinal uses and for the oil and fats they contain that have a variety of uses.[57][58][59][60]. Acacia, Mimosa). Cymose Inflorescence 3. Fabaceae, Schmetterlingsblütler, Papilionaceae, Fam. Marquez, A. C., Lara, O.F., Esquivel, R. B. Plants have indeterminate inflorescences, which are sometimes reduced to a single flower. Les légumineuses sont cultivées en priorité pour leurs graines, en tant que fourrage pour le bétail ou comme engrais verts pour l'enrichissement du sol. The main donors to the pathway were the genes associated with the arbuscular mycorrhiza symbiosis genes, the pollen tube formation genes and the haemoglobin genes. Die Suchfunktion durchsucht im Baumkatalog nur die deutschen und botanischen Namen der Baumarten/ Sträucher, sowie Familien und die Gattung. Fossils of flowers, fruit, leaves, wood and pollen from this period have been found in numerous locations. Bloom legume species include species such as lupin, which are farmed commercially for their blooms, and thus are popular in gardens worldwide. Legume seeds and foliage have a comparatively higher protein content than non-legume materials, due to the additional nitrogen that legumes receive through the process. They are widely used in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, food, and textile sectors. Professor Dr. Gerhard Eisenbeis, Mainz (Lichtverschmutzung und ihre fatalen Folgen für Tiere) Vi fandt 31 synonymer for Fabaceae. Fabaceae, Leguminosae ili Papilionaceae, odnosno mahunarke ili lepirnjače [4] obično poznate kao leguminoze, grašci ili porodica grahova – je velika i ekonomski značajna porodica cvjetnica.Obuhvata drveće, grmove i višegodišnje ili jednogodišnje zeljaste biljke, koje se lahko prepoznaju po mahunama i zaliscima lišća. Many Fabaceae host bacteria in their roots within structures called root nodules. - (Theoretical basis of plant breeding. Bailey, & T. Kajita. [5][35] However, others contend that Africa (or even the Americas) cannot yet be ruled out as the origin of the family.[36][37]. Connaissez-vous le sens de fabaceae? Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK. 2. Pp. The Leguminosae, A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses, and Nodulation. Version 14 June 2006. [26] Representatives of the 3 sub-families traditionally recognised as being members of the Fabaceae – Cesalpinioideae, Papilionoideae and Mimosoideae — as well as members of the large clades within these sub-families – such as the genistoides – have been found in periods later, starting between 55 and 50 million years ago. Den smukkeste og mest geniale beskrivelse af Fabaceae. Ruzi ou Herbe du Congo (Brachiaria ruziziensis) 2.2. This clade also includes the families Polygalaceae, Surianaceae and Quillajaceae and its origins date back 94 to 89 million years, although it started its diversification 79 to 74 million years ago.

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